Neurology Specialties

Treating a full range of neurological conditions

At Palmetto Health-USC Medical Group Neurology, we're dedicated to compassionate patient care, supportive education and ground-breaking research. Our neurologists provide care and consultation in the hospital, at our outpatient clinics and via telemedicine to other hospitals for acute stroke care.

Our neurologists are trained to help patients with conditions such as epilepsy, headache, multiple sclerosis and other neuroimmunological disorders, Parkinson’s disease and other movement disorders, neuromuscular disorders, stroke and TIA.

Conditions and treatments

Epilepsy is a condition of the brain that causes seizures. A seizure is disturbance in the electrical communication between neurons in the brain. Seizure symptoms vary quite a bit, from blank stares to twitching in arms and/or legs for several seconds. The diagnosis of epilepsy is typically given after a person has at least two seizures that were caused by an unknown medical condition.

Neurologists who specialize in epilepsy are called epileptologists. They use comprehensive clinical exams, with detailed histories, and several diagnostic tests to complete the diagnostic process and discuss treatment options with patients.

Some of the tests that are used to diagnosis epilepsy include an MRI of the brain and/or an EEG, or brain wave test.

A headache is a pain anywhere in the head or neck. The symptoms vary in location, type of pain, and onset. There are many possible causes of headaches, including fatigue, head injury, or stress. If a person experiences a headache three or more times per month, it may be helpful to consult with a headache specialist.

A neurologist with expertise in headaches will ask detailed questions about the person’s medical, social, family, and headache history. They will discuss a number of treatment options for preventing and controlling headaches, including diet restrictions, drug therapy, exercise, and stress reduction.

Many people have lapses in memory occasionally, often due to stress or aging. However, when memory lapses interfere with everyday life it might be helpful to consult with memory disorders specialists.

Memory disorders can be a result of a number of conditions, including diabetes, high blood pressure, or stroke. They can be progressive, like in Alzheimer’s disease, or immediate, like a traumatic brain injury. Memory disorders specialists ask patients and their families about medical history, symptoms of memory impairment, and signs of thinking abilities.

Movement disorders cause abnormal voluntary and/or involuntary movements, including slow or reduced movement or tremors. Infections, injuries, and nerve diseases cause many movement disorders. Parkinson’s disease is one of many movement disorders.

A neurologist with expertise in movement disorders will ask detailed questions about the person’s family and medical history and complete a thorough physical examination. They may request several tests to help with diagnosing the person’s condition. Then the neurologist will discuss treatment options.

Neuroimmunological disorders are diseases where the immune system seems to attack the nervous system. Multiple sclerosis is one of many neuroimmunological disorders.

A neurologist with special interest in neuroimmunology will complete a thorough clinical examination. They may request several tests to help with diagnosing the person’s condition. Then the neurologist will discuss treatment options.

Neuromuscular disorders directly affect muscles, the nerves that control muscles, or the locations where muscles and nerves connect. One of the most frequent symptoms of these disorders is progressive muscle weakness.

A neurologist with special interest in neuromuscular disorders will use comprehensive clinical exams, with detailed histories, and several diagnostic tests to complete the diagnostic process and discuss treatment options with patients.

Some of the tests that are used to diagnosis neuromuscular disorders include an EMG, which assesses the electrical activity produced by muscles, and/or a nerve conduction study.

Neurophysiology studies the nervous system by recording and measuring the electrical functions of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves in a person’s limbs and muscles. It is used primarily to help diagnose diseases rather than in treatment.

The tests used in neurophysiology include:

  • EEG (electroencephaolography) – measures electrical activity in the brain
  • EP (evoked potentials) – measures how long it takes for nerves to respond to stimulation
  • PSG (polysomnography) – records physical activity during sleep
  • Epilepsy monitoring – evaluate, diagnose, and treat seizures

Our Neuropsychology service provides assessment of cognitive skills for individuals with known or suspected neurological illness or injury. Evaluations may be requested for suspected dementias and for individuals with movement disorders, epilepsy or multiple sclerosis. Also, evaluations are available following stroke or other brain surgery.

Presently we are accepting adult referrals only. The clinic is located in the Neurosurgery office space at Palmetto Health Richland, 3 Richland Medical Park Dr., Suite 310, Columbia, SC, 29203.

A stroke is a brain attack, which occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted. When this occurs brain cells begin to die and brain function in areas of the stroke is lost.

A transient ischemic attack, or TIA, is a “warning stroke” or “mini-stroke”, which has stroke-like symptoms that last a relatively short time. When this occurs there is no injury to the brain.

Symptoms of stroke and TIA include:

  • Sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
  • Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
  • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
  • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
  • Sudden severe headache with no known cause

If you think you are having a stroke, call 911 immediately.

 

Our affiliate system

Prisma Health is the largest not-for-profit health organization in South Carolina, serving more than 1.2 million patients annually. Our 30,000 team members are dedicated to supporting the health and well-being of you and your family. Palmetto Health-USC Medical Group will be rebranded at a later date and will continue to operate as a joint venture between the Midlands affiliate and the USC School of Medicine.

Our promise is to: Inspire health. Serve with compassion. Be the difference.

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Palmetto Health is becoming Prisma Health. Palmetto Health-USC Medical Group is part of Prisma Health.