Functional Neurosurgery

HomeSpecialties Neuroscience Neurosurgery Functional Neurosurgery

Focused care to restore proper function

Functional neurosurgery involves the restoration of neurological condition and function. At Palmetto Health, we treat chronic neurological disorders with a variety of techniques, including highly focused neuromodulation and deep brain stimulation.

As some of the most rapidly growing sub-specializations in the field, these treatments provide great hope for patients with previously untreatable neurological conditions.

Our care team


Neuromodulation is technology that acts directly upon nerves. It is the alteration – or modulation – of nerve activity by delivering electrical or pharmaceutical agents directly to a target area.

Neuromodulation devices and treatments can be life-changing. They can affect many areas of the body and treat a wide variety of diseases and symptoms such as headaches, tremors, spinal cord damage and urinary incontinence.

Most often, people think of neuromodulation in the context of chronic pain relief, the most common indication. However, there are many neuromodulation applications, such as deep brain stimulation (DBS) treatment for Parkinson's disease, sacral nerve stimulation for pelvic disorders and incontinence, and spinal cord stimulation for ischemic disorders (angina, peripheral vascular disease).


Palmetto Health Neurosurgery offers a dedicated team and the region’s most advanced technology for the comprehensive surgical treatment of epilepsy.

Epilepsy remains one of the most common neurologic disorders affecting both adults and children alike, and over two million individuals in the United States have this disease. Approximately 30% of patients with epilepsy continue to have seizures despite medical therapy. It is in this group of patients that seizures have the most significant impact on quality of life including relationships with family, friends and co-workers, and the ability to work and to drive. It is estimated that as many as half of these patients with medically intractable epilepsy would benefit from a diagnostic or therapeutic surgical procedure.

The only potential cure for epilepsy is the surgical removal of the seizure focus, if it can be identified. Chances for seizure freedom can be as high as 90% in some cases of seizures that originate in the temporal lobe. Seizure focus located outside of the temporal lobe can also be treated, even when located near areas of speech and motor function.

Only patients with focal epilepsy are candidates for resective brain surgery. Patients with generalized seizure disorders, however, may be candidates for vagal nerve stimulation or corpus callosotomy. Patients with focal epilepsy who have more than one seizure focus may be candidates for responsive neurostiumulation (RNS).

Conditions we treat include:

  • Cancer pain
  • Depression
  • Dystonia
  • Epilepsy
  • Essential tremor
  • General pain, facial pain and spasm
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Parkinson's disease

Deep brain stimulation

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a surgical procedure used to treat several disabling neurological symptoms.

View more videos »

Watch Video Request an Appointment

Get coronavirus (COVID-19) updates | Symptom checker now available